Overuse injuries in musicians as an interdisciplinary problem: yesterday, today and tomorrow. Part II
Keywords:playing-related musculoskeletal disorders, overuse injuries in musicians, a repetitive strain injury, ergonomic performing technique
The overuse injury afflicting the instrumentalist musicians is a complex interdisciplinary problem with a very long history. The problem is still relevant today: the overuse syndrome is found in 60–85 % of musicians. By the late 20th century, leading music teachers and physician-researchers were trying to find a solution each on their own and acted in a disjointed manner. Since late 20th century, the study of a repetitive strain injury has been conducted on an interdisciplinary basis. The goal of the research was to study the patterns of currently developing interdisciplinary interaction. In order to achieve the goal, the reference sources containing information on etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and methods of treatment and prevention of the overuse injury in musicians were analyzed. The search for reference sources was conducted in the electronic archives, repositories, and journals indexed in the Scopus, WoS, Medline, and Pubmed databases (1980–2020). The analysis of the modern period showed the active development of interdisciplinary cooperation, whose result was the creation of research centers for interdisciplinary cooperation and specialized rehabilitation communities for musicians with occupational diseases in the developed countries. The significance of these organizations’ findings has gone far beyond the relatively narrow problem of overuse injury among the instrumentalist musicians: elaborate methods of prevention and treatment have demonstrated their universality and have found application in many fields of medicine. The cooperation of musicians and physicians has brought a great mutual benefit: the experience of music teachers has proved to be applicable for the prevention and treatment of variously generated traumas, and the experience of medicine has made it possible to improve the system of musical instruction. The study and popularization of foreign experience involved in the interdisciplinary cooperation may contribute to the effective problem solving arising at the junction of various spheres of human activity.
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