Proximal Femoral Geometry and the Risk of Fractures: Literature Review

N.V. Grygorieva, V.V. Povoroznyuk, O.B. Zubach, Vas.V. Povoroznyuk

Abstract


This article presents the literature review of the impact of the upper third of the femur geometry (hip axis length, femoral neck angle, inter-trochanteric length, horizontal offset, thickness of the cortical bone, etc.) on the risk of fractures. The article demonstrates the capabilities of techniques for measurement of hip geometry, namely conventional X-ray of pelvic bones, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computed tomography. Possible correlation is shown between some genetic markers and features of the geometry of the upper third of the femur. Also, there are presented the results of own researches of age and sex characteristics of proximal hip geometry parameters in patients without fractures, as well as in patients of older age groups with internal and extraarticular femoral fractures.


Keywords


hip fracture; hip geometry; hip axis length; femoral neck angle; osteoporosis

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-1507.1.21.2016.74088

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