Overuse injuries in musicians as an interdisciplinary problem: yesterday, today, tomorrow. Part I
Keywords:playing-related musculoskeletal disorders, overuse injuries in musicians, a repetitive strain injury, ergonomic performing technique
AbstractThe problem of overuse injury among instrumentalist musicians has a very long history, but it is very relevant today. The purpose of this article was to study the patterns of interdisciplinary interaction during the history of studying problem. The sources containing information on etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, methods of treatment and prevention of overuse in musicians were analysed. The original search was conducted without time limitations in the electronic archives, repositories, and journals indexed in Scopus, WoS, MedLine, and PubMed. The analysis made it possible to distinguish three periods in the history of interdisciplinary cooperation of medicine and music instruction representatives. The first part of our article presents an analysis of the first two periods. The first period (by the late XIХ century) is characterized by a lack of medical interest in the problem. However, the experience gained by the instructors of leading piano and violin schools has made it possible to identify the main causal factors and to develop the general principles of prevention. The second period, from late XIХ to early ХХ century, was associated with the formation of interdisciplinary interaction foundations. At this time, music teachers are actively using the basic medical sciences to improve performance ergonomics as the basis for prevention of the professional musicians’ pathology. The researchers and internists are actively studying pathogenesis and symptoms of stress injuries in musicians, as well as accumulating their experience of the available therapeutic means. The third period (from late ХХ century to the present day), described in the second part of this article, has been characterized by the active development of interdisciplinary interaction, resulting in the creation of a scientific interdisciplinary research centres and specialized rehabilitation centres for musicians with occupational diseases.
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