Ukrainian FRAX version in the male osteoporosis management
Keywords:FRAX, risk of osteoporotic fractures, osteoporosis, men
Background. At present, FRAX is a well-known and widely-used risk assessment tool for major osteoporotic fractures. The Ukrainian version of the FRAX algorithm was presented in 2016; with the “intervention threshold” for additional DXA examination and antiosteoporotic treatment of the Ukrainian women published in 2019. However, the data on its possible uses in men are limited. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the possibilities of using the previously developed criteria of the Ukrainian FRAX algorithm in Ukrainian men. Materials and methods. We examined 653 outpatients aged 40–88 years (mean age (M ± SD) — 60.5 ± 11.8 years). We analyzed the results both in the general group and in the age subgroups; in particular, with an account of low-trauma fractures, included in the FRAX calculation, and compared them with the corresponding indices of the Ukrainian women. Results. The most frequent (26.6 %) risk factor for osteoporotic fractures in the group of Ukrainian men was a history of low-trauma fracture (the corresponding index in women was 51.3 %), its presence being the reason for antiosteoporotic treatment initiating. Following upon the risk of major osteoporotic fractures calculated by FRAX, only 6.7 % of men without previous fractures were found to require additional DXA examination in order to re-evaluate the osteoporotic fracture risk, and none had a high fracture risk. 73 % of men without fractures did not have any risk factor included in the FRAX algorithm. Conclusions. This study showed a greater need for both antiosteoporotic treatment without DXA assessment and additional densitometric examination for the osteoporotic fracture risk assessment for the Ukrainian women rather than men, along with a special attention to the presence of previous fractures in men, and consideration of other risk factors for osteoporosis, even those not included in this FRAX algorithm.
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Copyright (c) 2021 V.V. Povoroznyuk, H. Johansson, N.V. Grygorieva, J.A. Kanis, А.S. Musiіenko, M. Lorentzon, N.C. Harvey, E.V. McCloskey, E. Liu
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